Nvidia’s CEO Jensen Huang simply summed up how the next-generation of chip manufacturing will work, and the video clip makes for excellent watching if you happen to’re in any approach within the extremely complicated and costly course of.

The phase from Huang’s GTC keynote above explains how machines from an organization known as ASML will create the next-generation of laptop chips. ASML supplies lithographic machines to each main chip producer, together with TSMC, utilized by Nvidia, AMD and Intel; and Intel’s personal foundry. ASML’s newest and best are constructed for what’s referred to as EUV, or excessive ultraviolet lithography, a extremely complicated approach of printing ever-shrinking circuits onto silicon chips.

It is easy to sum up EUV and the whole fashionable lithographic course of as “magic” or “miraculous”, as Huang himself does, but it surely’s simply extremely difficult. EUV know-how has been a long time within the making, and felt at one level prefer it may by no means arrive. In essence, nevertheless, EUV tries to simplify the already extremely time-consuming and complicated DUV (deep ultraviolet) lithographic course of used right now. 

EUV is the important thing to shrinking transistors right down to smaller sizes required for extra superior course of nodes, and thus extra superior CPUs and GPUs with extra circuitry squished inside them. TSMC rolled EUV out with its N7+ node, and makes use of EUV for increasingly layers with its N5 and N3 course of nodes, whereas Intel will use EUV from its Intel 4 node onwards.

Within the video there’s an impressively detailed diagram of an ASML EUV machine—a large machine that prices someplace within the ballpark of $250 million. 

And Huang is making such a fuss of ASML and EUV throughout his keynote speech as a result of Nvidia is asserting a brand new instrument, cuLitho, that makes use of GPU acceleration on its graphics playing cards to hurry up the method of designing the masks utilized in lithography by some 40x.

Yeah, Nvidia’s paying TSMC to make its GPUs solely to promote them right again to it. That is a business play if ever I noticed one.