very-big-computer-made
In a shock upset of twenty first century expertise norms, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has made a pc that’s, actually, very giant. The Frontier supercomputer is simply too large to slot in a pocket or a backpack, like right this moment’s hottest computer systems, and it is usually too large to slot in a mid-tower PC case, which may comfortably hold an RTX 3090. How a lot greater may a pc actually must be? 

Much greater, insists Oak Ridge National Laboratory. ORNL’s Frontier has been heralded because the “first true exascale machine,” setting a file for efficiency of 1.02 exaflops per second on a high-performance benchmark. An exaflop is one quintillion floating level operations per second, and if you happen to’re unsure how large a quintillion is, it is one million million thousands and thousands, aka a billion billions. NASA estimates that the Milky Way is one quintillion kilometers throughout.

So, fairly large.

Frontier set the exaflop file utilizing AMD’s 64-core 2GHz Epyc processors, which you should purchase your self for under $8,000 or so. But you will want a couple of of them, as a result of the Frontier has a complete of 8,730,112 cores.

That’s 136,408 AMD Epyc processors. This laptop is unfashionably giant: it won’t match below your desk, and even in your home except you knock down a number of partitions or have a a lot greater home than I do.

The Frontier supercomputer can be remarkably environment friendly regardless of filling up a number of server banks, every greater than Andre the Giant. Frontier is now #1 on the Top 500 supercomputer checklist and the Green 500, which charges for efficiency per watt.

Here are some extra large numbers:

  • Frontier takes up 7,300 sq. ft.
  • Frontier circulates about 6,000 gallons of water per minute to remain cool.
  • Frontier “currently has achieved 1.102 Exaflop/s using 8,730,112 cores. The new HPE Cray EX architecture combines 3rd Gen AMD Epyc CPUs optimized for HPC and AI with AMD Instinct 250X accelerators and Slingshot-11 interconnect.”
  • “This system is able to produce a whopping 1.102 Exaflop/s HPL benchmark score while keeping its power efficiency at 55.23 gigaflops/watt”
  • “The system to claim the No. 1 spot for the Green 500 is the Frontier Test & Development System (TDS). With 120,832 total cores and an HPL benchmark of 19.2 PFlop/s, the Frontier TDS machine is basically just one rack identical to the actual Frontier system. Therefore, it makes sense that it is outmatched by Frontier’s 7,733,248 cores and HPL benchmark of 1.102 Exaflop/s. However, Frontier TDS has some impressive efficiency capabilities, with a power efficiency of 62.8 gigaflops/watt.”
  • Andre the Giant was 7 ft, 4 inches tall and weighed 520 kilos. Square footage unknown.